Posts Tagged With: slavery

GENEALOGY WORD OF THE DAY 10/26

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Picture from grandmaideas.com

 

Bill of Sale: This document, similar to a deed, was used to convey title to major items of personal property. Historically, this included slaves and livestock. (Definition from rootsweb.ancestry.com)

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JUNETEENTH

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I visited Galveston back in February and came across the Juneteenth plaque. IMG_4052

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The “Mayor of Douglasville”

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Photo obtained via Ancestry.com

Last night I was doing a research and came across the Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves; Volume: I; State: Alabama (click here )Compiled by the Federal Writers’ Project of the Works Progress Administration in the 1930s, there are over 2300 individual accounts of slavery, and 500 photos of former slaves. Information may include surnames of interviewees, birthplaces, ages, parents names, former slave owners, and interview location.

I found Mr. Abe Whitess on page 423 he was born in Mississippi and worked on Colonel Rupert’s plantation in Butler County, Alabama after he was freed. Mr. Whitess moved down to Bay Minette, Alabama. I have a large portion of family down there so of course, I wanted to know a little bit more about him. Mr. Whites worked odd jobs and became the chairman of the republican party, according to his interview. Mr. Whitess even owned 14 acres of land, he donated part of his land to open a part Douglasville, the area of Bay Minette he resided in, for a public road. After doing that the people pf the community, mostly African American dubbed Mr. Whitess the “Mayor of Douglasville”. I plan to read more interviews, I find their stories really interesting and it gives me a glimpse into what life was like for an enslaved person.

Checkout Mr. Whitess’ interview below.

 

 

Source Citation

Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.; Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves; Volume: I; State: Alabama

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Slavery On The Tracks 

The other day I was looking for slave owners in Baldwin County, Alabama and I came across BALDWIN COUNTY, ALABAMA LARGEST SLAVEHOLDERS FROM 1860 SLAVE CENSUS SCHEDULES and SURNAME MATCHES FOR AFRICAN AMERICANS ON 1870 CENSUS Transcribed by Tom Blake, March 2003 on roots web.com. As I look down the list of slave holders I see NORTHERN RAIL ROAD COMPANY, 41 slaves. You mean to tell me a railroad companies owned slaves? Yes, according to the site Railroads and the Making of Modern America “By 1860 the South’s railroad network was one of the most extensive in the world, and nearly all of it had been constructed with slave labor.” I knew slave labor built the railroad along with other infrastructures but to see a company listed with individuals as slave holders was a little strange to me. Then again slavery was a big business “Railroads bought and sold slaves with contracts and elaborate, printed bills of sale. They recorded these events in balance sheets and company account books. Railroads also developed forms for contracts to hire enslaved labor from slaveholders. Because the company was liable for the “loss” of enslaved “property,” contracts often spelled out detailed provisions for accidents and the conditions of labor.” The image below is a Receipt for Sale of Slaves to the Mississippi Central Railroad Company, March 5, 1860

 

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Source: Railroads and the Making of Modern America:

Document source: Newberry Library, Chicago, IL, Illinois Central Railroad Collection, Newberry Library, IC 6 M6.55, Box 27

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Slave Market on Wall Street

This past May I wrote a post about New York City finally acknowledging that Wall Street was once the site of a Slave Market from1711 to 1762. Below is what the city put up to share some of the history of the Slave Market on Wall Street.

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The Freedmen’s Bureau Project Needs Your Help!

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The Freedmen’s Bureau Project needs help indexing nearly 4 million records to make them searchable online. I have already signed up to start transcribing some records. For more information and to volunteer visit www.discoverfreedmen.org 

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NYC Acknowledges Slave Market

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 Photo via WNYC.ORG (Brad Horrigan/WNYC)

New York City has finally acknowledged that from 1711 to 1762, Wall Street was once the site of a slave market. On June 19th 2015 (Juneteenth) the city plans to place a 16-inch-by-24-inch metal marker one block from where the original market on the corner of Wall and Pearl Streets. For more information about the slave market visit http://maap.columbia.edu/place/22

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Slave Songbook

I stumbled across a very interesting video on youtube about the earliest published compilation of Slave songs.

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Black Slaves, Red Masters

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Most people don’t know Native American tribes owned slaves. On African American Lives 2, Actor Don Cheadle discovered his family was owned by the Chickasaw Nation. In the video below News anchor Sam Ford explores his family’s relationship with the Cherokee Nation as well as the relationship of many African American’s families and Native American tribes.

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The Family Tree of Pharrell Williams and Why He Almost Didn’t Exist

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Genealogist, author, and speaker, Megan Smolenyak  post this video below in the AfriGeneas African American Genealogy Community Facebook group the other day and I just had to share with all who haven’t seen it. I think Megan did an awesome job on the research of Pharrell’s ancestors as well as a good job on the production of her video.

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